Problems and Diseases

Age-Related Diseases & Conditions

Age-related Eye Diseases and Conditions Since your 40s, you probably noticed that your vision is changing. Perhaps you need glasses to see up close or you have more trouble adjusting to glare or distinguishing some colors. These changes are a normal part of aging. These changes alone cannot stop you from enjoying an active lifestyle […]

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Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)

Amblyopia is the medical term used when the vision in one of the eyes is reduced because the eye and the brain are not working together properly. The eye itself looks normal, but it is not being used normally because the brain is favoring the other eye. This condition is also sometimes called lazy eye. Facts […]

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Cataracts

A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye that affects vision. Most cataracts are related to aging. Cataracts are very common in older people. By age 80, more than half of all Americans either have a cataract or have had cataract surgery. Facts About Cataract This information was developed by the National Eye […]

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Cornea and Corneal Disease

The cornea is the eye’s outermost layer. It is the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. What is the cornea? The cornea is the eye’s outermost layer. It is the clear, dome­-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. It plays an important role in focusing your vision. What are the parts of […]

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Diabetic Eye Disease

Diabetic eye disease refers to a group of eye problems that people with diabetes may face as a complication of diabetes. People with diabetes are at risk for diabetic retinopathy, cataract and glaucoma. Points to Remember Diabetic eye disease comprises a group of eye conditions that affect people with diabetes. These conditions include diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular […]

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Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of diseases that can damage the eye’s optic nerve and result in vision loss and blindness. Open-angle glaucoma, is the most common form of the disease. What is Glaucoma? Glaucoma is a group of diseases that damage the eye’s optic nerve and can result in vision loss and blindness. However, with early detection […]

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Keratoconus

Keratoconus is a progressive eye disease in which the normally round cornea thins and begins to bulge into a cone-like shape. This cone shape deflects light as it enters the eye on its way to the light-sensitive retina, causing distorted vision. Keratoconus can occur in one or both eyes. Kerataconus is a progressive thinning of […]

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Low Vision

What is low vision? When you have low vision, eyeglasses, contact lenses, medicine, or surgery may not help. Activities like reading, shopping, cooking, writing, and watching TV may be hard to do. In fact, millions of Americans lose some of their sight every year. While vision loss can affect anyone at any age, low vision is most […]

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Macular Edema

Macular edema is the build-up of fluid in the macula, an area in the center of the retina. The retina is the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye and the macula is the part of the retina responsible for sharp, straight-ahead vision. Fluid buildup causes the macula to swell and thicken, which distorts vision. […]

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Ptosis

Ptosis (pronounced “toe-sis”) is the drooping of an eyelid. It affects only the upper eyelid of one or both eyes. Ptosis is a drooping or falling of the upper eyelid. The drooping may be worse after being awake longer, when the individual’s muscles are tired. If severe enough and left untreated, the drooping eyelid can cause other conditions, such […]

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Retinal Detachment

The retina is the light-sensitive layer of tissue that lines the inside of the eye and sends visual messages through the optic nerve to the brain. When the retina detaches, it is lifted or pulled from its normal position. If not promptly treated, retinal detachment can cause permanent vision loss. What are the different types of retinal detachment? […]

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Retinitis Pigmentosa

Retinitis Pigmentosa is a group of rare, genetic disorders that involve a breakdown and loss of cells in the retina. Common symptoms include difficulty seeing at night and a loss of side (peripheral) vision. What is retinitis pigmentosa? Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a group of rare, genetic disorders that involve a breakdown and loss of cells in […]

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Uveitis

Uveitis is a general term describing a group of inflammatory diseases that produces swelling and destroys eye tissues. These diseases can slightly reduce vision or lead to severe vision loss. Uveitis Defined What is Uveitis? The term “uveitis” is used because the diseases often affect a part of the eye called the uvea. Nevertheless, uveitis is not limited […]

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